Dataset & Models

Intrusion detection for Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) suffer from accurate evaluation and benchmarking comparisons. This is mainly due to the lack of datasets in this research area. Majority of the intrusion detection datasets currently available focus on network traffic which is inadequate for CPS intrusion detection. Thus, researchers resort to simulating CPS data that are often suboptimal. As cyber-attacks can cause the behaviour of the CPS to change drastically, it is necessary to generate a dataset that reflects the complexity of system through the evolution of the intrusions.

Secure Water Treatment (SWaT) Dataset

The SWaT Dataset was systematically generated from the Secure Water Treatment Testbed to address this need. The data collected from the testbed consists of 11 days of continuous operation. 7 days’ worth of data was collected under normal operation while 4 days’ worth of data was collected with attack scenarios.  During the data collection, all network traffic, sensor and actuator data were collected.

The goal for this dataset is to assist various researchers in designing solutions, testing, evaluation, and comparison purposes for CPSs research.

Characteristics of dataset

  1. Network Traffic and Cyber Physical Properties: The dataset contains all the network traffic captured during this time. The dataset also consists of all the values obtained from all the 51 sensors and actuators available in SWaT.
  2. Labelled: All the data acquired during this process are labelled according to normal and abnormal behaviours
  3. Attack Scenarios: The attacks generated for this dataset were derived through the attack models developed by our research team. The attack model considers the intent space of a CPS as an attack model. 36 attacks were launched during the 4 days and are described in the PDF.

Dataset download

To request the following datasets, please contact for login details, and provide your name and organisation details*.

  • SWaT Normal Data (7 Days)
  • SWaT with Attack Data (4 days)
  • SWaT Network Traffic (11 days)
  • Attack Descriptions

Technical information of SWaT can be found here.

Complete Set of Invariants based on Design Centric and Data Centric Approaches

1. Set of Rules with antecedent 1
2. Set of Rules with antecedent 2
3. Set of Rules with antecedent 3
4. Set of Rules with antecedent 4
5. Set of Rules with antecedent 5
6. Set of Rules with antecedent 6
7. Set of Rules with antecedent 7
8. Comparison


Goh J., Adepu S., Junejo K. N., and Mathur A., “A Dataset to Support Research in the Design of Secure Water Treatment Systems,” The 11th International Conference on Critical Information Infrastructures Security.

* By requesting for and receiving the dataset, you agree to have your name, the name of your organisation and date of request published below, and to give credit to “iTrust, Centre for Research in Cyber Security, Singapore University of Technology and Design” when the dataset is used for your (published) work.

Historical dataset requests

S/N Name Organisation Date of request Data requested
55 Alban Siffer Université de Rennes 1  22 Nov 2017 SWaT dataset 
54 Ying Liu Zhejiang University 21 Nov 2017 SWaT dataset 
53 Andrey Lavrentyev Kaspersky Lab 16 Nov 2017 SWaT dataset
52 Pei Wu Hefei University of Technology 11 Nov 2017 SWaT dataset
51 Sandeep Nair Narayanan University of Maryland, Baltimore County 10 Nov 2017 SWaT dataset
50 G. Kousalya Coimbatore Institute of Technology, India 10 Nov 2017 SWaT dataset
49 Dionisis Nikolopoulos National Technical University of Athens 7 Nov 2017 SWaT dataset
48 Moshe Kravchik Ben Gurion University 16 Oct 2017 SWaT dataset
47 Peter Schneider Fraunhofer Institue for Applied and Integrated Security 6 Oct 2017 SWaT dataset & WADI model
46 Gabriel Vasquez State University of Londrina 28 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
45 Muhammed Maruf Ozturk Suleyman Demirel University 26 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
44 Gauthama Raman SASTRA University 21 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
43 Gowher Majeed Parry University of Luxembourg 21 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
42 Magnus Almgren Chalmers University of Technology 20 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
41 Mikel Iturbe Mondragon University 20 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
40 Brenda S. Santana Federal University of Santa Maria 18 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
39 Nicolas Nicolaou KIOS Research and Innovation Center of Excellence, University of Cyprus 12 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
38 Amin Ghafouri Vanderbilt University 9 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
37 Lyes Bayou IMT-Atlantique 7 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
36 Surendar SASTRA University 6 Sep 2017 WADI model
35 Alaa Al Ghazo  Iowa State University 6 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
34 Abhishek Verma National Institute of Technology 4 Sep 2017 SWaT dataset
33 Thien Nguyen Technische Universität Darmstadt 29 Aug 2017 SWaT dataset
32 Xuetao Wei University of Cincinnati 28 Aug 2017 SWaT dataset
31 Apurva Narayan University of Waterloo 24 Aug 2017 SWaT dataset
30 Muhamad Erza Aminanto Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology 16 Aug 2017 SWaT dataset
29 Zeyu Yang ZheJiang University 14 Aug 2017 SWaT dataset
28 Daniel Ricardo dos Santos Technical University of Eindhoven 11 Aug 2017 SWaT dataset
27 Sebastian Fischmeister University of Waterloo 3 Aug 2017 SWaT dataset
26 Umair Siddique McMaster University 3 Aug 2017 SWaT dataset
25 Reem Albarrak George Mason University 1 Aug 2017 SWaT dataset
24 Agnieszka Onuchowska University of South Florida 23 Jun 2017 SWaT dataset
23 Mohsen Aghashahi Texas A&M University 13 Jun 2017 WADI model
22 Guowei Li Xidian University 13 Jun 2017 SWaT dataset
21 Malek Alzewairi Princess Sumaya University for Technology 10 Jun 2017 SWaT dataset
20 Miguel Millan Oakland University 1 Jun 2017 SWaT dataset
19 Gyula Dörgő Hungarian Academy of Sciences / University of Pannonia 30 May 2017 SWaT dataset
18 Long Cheng Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 11 May 2017 SWaT dataset
17 Meng Guozhu Nanyang Technological University 10 May 2017 SWaT dataset
16 Shameek Bhattacharjee Missouri University of Science and Technology 8 May 2017 SWaT dataset
15 Bo Li Beihang University 4 May 2017 SWaT dataset
14 Yanjie Fu Missouri University of Science and Technology 3 May 2017 SWaT dataset
13 Kasun S Perera Singapore University of Technology and Design 2 May 2017 SWaT dataset
12 Hailong Liu Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics 29 Apr 2017 SWaT dataset
11 Mohammad Mehdi Ahmadian Amirkabir University of Technology 15 Apr 2017 SWaT dataset
10 Sicco Verwer Delft University of Technology 11 Apr 2017 SWaT dataset
9 Xiaoxue Liu University of Toronto 5 Apr 2017 SWaT dataset
8 Kevin Skender Uptake 5 Apr 2017 SWaT dataset
7 Alissa R. Gibson Coastal Carolina University 28 Feb 2017 SWaT dataset
6 Surendar SASTRA University 15 Feb 2017 SWaT dataset
5 Yoriyuki Yamagata National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology 10 Feb 2017 SWaT dataset
4 Robert Kooij TNO 9 Feb 2017 SWaT dataset
3 Gérald Rocher Nice Cote d’Azur 25 Jan 2017 SWaT dataset
2 William Jardine MWR InfoSecurity 12 Dec 2016 SWaT dataset
1 Abdolmaleki Yousef Iran University of Science and Technology 16 Nov 2016 SWaT dataset