• AICTA2018_Gold4

ASEAN ICT Awards 2018

5th December, 2018

The ICS:BlockOpS technology, developed by iTrust, was awarded Gold medal for the Research and Development […]


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Workshop on IoT Security

27th August, 2018

Internet of Things (IoT) is having an exponential growth in a multitude of applications. However, […]

Characterising Cyber-Physical Attacks on Water Distribution Networks

wadi video


SWaT consists of a modern six-stage process. The process begins by taking in raw water, adding necessary chemicals to it, filtering it via an Ultrafiltration (UF) system, de-chlorinating it using UV lamps, and then feeding it to a Reverse Osmosis (RO) system. A backwash process cleans the membranes in UF using the water produced by RO. The cyber portion of SWaT consists of a layered communications network, Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs), Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) workstation, and a Historian. Data from sensors is available to the SCADA system and recorded by the Historian for subsequent analysis. Both wired and wireless communications are used for data and command transfer among different components of SWaT. [Read More]