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19 May 2020: CISS 2019 report is available for download here



  • CISS20Opening

CISS 2020-OL opens today!

27th July, 2020

Critical Infrastructure Security Showdown 2020 – Online (CISS2020-OL) opens today with an opening address by […]

Best Paper Award

2nd May, 2020

A paper entitled “Challenges in Machine Learning based approaches for Real-Time Anomaly Detection in Industrial […]

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Crossed Swords 2020

4th February, 2020

iTrust@SUTD was invited to the 6th iteration of the annual cyber exercise Crossed Swords in Riga, Latvia […]


Characterising Cyber-Physical Attacks on Water Distribution Networks

wadi video


Check out the Events Gallery for pictures of the event.


SWaT consists of a modern six-stage process. The process begins by taking in raw water, adding necessary chemicals to it, filtering it via an Ultrafiltration (UF) system, de-chlorinating it using UV lamps, and then feeding it to a Reverse Osmosis (RO) system. A backwash process cleans the membranes in UF using the water produced by RO. The cyber portion of SWaT consists of a layered communications network, Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs), Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) workstation, and a Historian. Data from sensors is available to the SCADA system and recorded by the Historian for subsequent analysis. Both wired and wireless communications are used for data and command transfer among different components of SWaT. [Read More]