Characterising Cyber-Physical Attacks on Water Distribution Networks

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iTrust Research Director Prof Yuval Elovici was recently featured in OpenGovAsia. In this exclusive interview, Yuval […]


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SWaT Architecture

SWaT consists of a modern six-stage process. The process begins by taking in raw water, adding necessary chemicals to it, filtering it via an Ultrafiltration (UF) system, de-chlorinating it using UV lamps, and then feeding it to a Reverse Osmosis (RO) system. A backwash process cleans the membranes in UF using the water produced by RO. The cyber portion of SWaT consists of a layered communications network, Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs), Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) workstation, and a Historian. Data from sensors is available to the SCADA system and recorded by the Historian for subsequent analysis. Both wired and wireless communications are used for data and command transfer among different components of SWaT. [Read More]